How can Complex Organizations Engage in a Successful Restructuring while Simultaneously Improving the Delivery of Products and Capabilities?

A complex organization can impact a restructure by focusing on the processes and people behind it. Clear communication, an ambidextrous leadership style, training, and job resources can all contribute to maintaining employee engagement and the success of the restructuring initiative.

A large complex government organization is planning a restructure of their organization from a hybrid matrix or competency-aligned team structure to a more dominant mission-aligned structure. This restructure has the potential to spur organizational problems from employee churn, including a decrease in employee engagement as well as detract from product delivery. The purpose of this study is to systematically gather and review evidence on employee engagement and retention during organizational restructuring initiatives. Another purpose is to define how leadership style can impact the organization’s ability to successfully restructure while also improving the efficiency and effectiveness of the ongoing products. An analysis was carried out using four rapid evidence assessments and then a combined systematic review to analyze existing scholarly literature on the research question. The organizational problem was viewed through the lens of the contingency theory, which focuses on the structure best suited to the organization, contingent on its internal and external environments. With a complex reorganization, an organization can align with their internal mission, as well as their customers in the external environment. A thematic analysis of the literature revealed several themes; job resources, leadership styles, team innovation, training, external and internal environmental factors, employee engagement, open communication, and organizational diagnosis. This study supports the notion that a successful reorganization can be implemented through the support of an effective leadership style, training, and the implementation of job resources.

Authors: Patty LePage, Allyson Oliver-Jones, John Onyeaku, Remedious Bernadine Douglas, Denise Breckon


Cite as: LePage, P., Oliver-Jones, A., Onyeaku, J., Douglas, R.B., Breckon, D. (2019). How can complex organizations engage in a successful Restructuring while simultaneously improving the delivery of products and capabilities?. Muma Business Review 3(20). 225-236.